Thanks for the new information. I was impressed by the intricacy of the design "embossed" (?) on the knife and its quality construction. For that reason, I seem to be inclined to German and English manfactured knives (as well, of course, as American.) Both pen knife blades are in very good condition, as is the nail file/cleaner "blade". In fact, it has at least for the time being replaced my mini-Swiss army knife in my pocket for daily carrying around. I guess I paid a good price--$30 for it and a good quality pen knife with MOP handles. The same day, I bought a small (3" closed) but very nice CRKC (Columbia River Knife Co.) toothpick knife for $22. I later learned they sold for $17.95 new in the 70s. So, one of the fun things about collecting pocket knives is that even when you pay a little more than you should for one knife, you can offset the loss oftentimes by bargains you get with other knives.